What Are the Parts of an Appraisal?
Buying a home can be the most significant financial decision many of us may ever encounter. Whether it's a main residence, a second vacation property or an investment, the purchase of real property is a complex transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
Most of the parties involved are very familiar. The real estate agent is the most familiar person in the transaction. Next, the lender provides the financial capital needed to bankroll the deal. And ensuring all aspects of the exchange are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So, who makes sure the value of the property is in line with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer might expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from JSP Appraisal Services will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
Appraisals begin with the inspection
Our first task at JSP Appraisal Services is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must see aspects of the property first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they indeed exist and are in the condition a reasonable person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is correct and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
After the inspection, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of real property: sales comparison and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Here, we gather information on local building costs, the cost of labor and other factors to determine how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This estimate commonly sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers get to know the communities in which they appraise. They innately understand the value of specific features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in the vicinity and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the home being appraised. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as square footage, additional bathrooms, hardwood floors, fireplaces or view lots (just to name a few), we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
After all differences have been accounted for, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. When it comes to associating a value with features of homes in and Kings, JSP Appraisal Services is your local authority. This approach to value is most often given the most importance when an appraisal is for a real estate sale.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third way of valuing real estate is sometimes employed when an area has a measurable number of rental properties. In this situation, the amount of revenue the real estate yields is taken into consideration along with other rents in the area for comparable properties to determine the current value.
Examining the data from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not always what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of what a property is worth. Depending on the specific situations of the buyer or seller, their level of urgency or a buyer's desire for that exact property, the closing price of a home can always be driven up or down.Regardless, the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth. Here's what it all boils down to, an appraiser from JSP Appraisal Services will help you discover the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.